Platform Cooperativism Resource Library


Contrary to prevalent arguments in the literature on Iranian work councils (‘showras’), this article contends that the push for councils was a premature initiative. While political repression was a very important factor in the defeat of council movement, the demise of the movement stemmed mainly from the weaknesses of the Iranian working class and the left, from the nature and structure of the councils and from the objective conditions in which they were operating. Questioning the theoretical and conceptual basis of workers’ councils and worker control, the article points to different forms of industrial democracy as the only viable option for articulating the demands of working people.

Added May 8, 2020