Independent work: Choice, necessity, and the gig economy | McKinsey
The McKinsey Global Institute examines all the ways people are earning income, as well as the challenges independent work presents.
Working nine to five for a single employer bears little resemblance to the way a substantial share of the workforce makes a living today. Millions of people assemble various income streams and work independently, rather than in structured payroll jobs. This is hardly a new phenomenon, yet it has never been well measured in official statistics—and the resulting data gaps prevent a clear view of a large share of labor-market activity.